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Nepal marks one year since quake as frustration mounts

Apr 26 2016 | 03:17 pm

By Paavan MATHEMA

Kathmandu: Thousands of Nepalis grieved Sunday for their loved ones killed in a massive earthquake a year ago, as protesting victims still living in tents accused the government of failing them.

(160424) -- KATHMANDU, April 24, 2016 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on April 24, 2016 shows candles to commemorate the people who died in the earthquake a year ago, at Durbar Square in Kathmandu, capital of Nepal. (Xinhua/Cheong Kam Ka)

(160424) — KATHMANDU, April 24, 2016 (Xinhua) — Photo taken on April 24, 2016 shows candles to commemorate the people who died in the earthquake a year ago, at Durbar Square in Kathmandu, capital of Nepal. (Xinhua/Cheong Kam Ka)

Mourners carrying candles and Nepali flags packed into Kathmandu’s badly damaged historic square to pray and to mark the anniversary of the quake that ripped through the impoverished country, killing almost 9,000 people.

Thousands more were left injured in the 7.8-magnitude quake that triggered avalanches and landslides across the Himalayan nation and flattened whole villages.

“It is emotional to be here… it feels good to come together like this,” said Ajay Adhikari, a 26-year-old artist who lost his grandfather in the disaster.

“Tonight is a chance to pay tribute to him,” Adhikari told AFP as he joined the crowds for a candle-light vigil in Kathmandu Durbar Square, which was lit up with traditional butter lamps.

Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli earlier laid flowers at a destroyed 19th-century tower in Kathmandu, while Buddhist monks in maroon robes held prayers at the site of another popular, now-destroyed temple.

Despite the solemn occasion, frustration against authorities flared Sunday, with around 100 protesters marching towards government offices in the capital to demand faster reconstruction efforts.

Temporary shelters –

About four million survivors still live in temporary shelters across the country one year on from the quake, according to the Red Cross.

This combination of two photographs shows Nepalese residents walking beside buildings severely damaged by an earthquake on Kathmandu on April 26, 2015 (top) and the same scene on April 23, 2016. Nepal will hold memorial services April 24, 2016 to remember thousands of people killed in a devastating earthquake one year ago, as authorities vow to expedite long-delayed reconstruction projects. The 7.8-magnitude quake killed almost 9,000 people and some four million survivors are still living in temporary shelter, according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.  / AFP PHOTO / PRAKASH MATHEMA

This combination of two photographs shows Nepalese residents walking beside buildings severely damaged by an earthquake on Kathmandu on April 26, 2015 (top) and the same scene on April 23, 2016.
Nepal will hold memorial services April 24, 2016 to remember thousands of people killed in a devastating earthquake one year ago, as authorities vow to expedite long-delayed reconstruction projects. The 7.8-magnitude quake killed almost 9,000 people and some four million survivors are still living in temporary shelter, according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
/ AFP PHOTO / PRAKASH MATHEMA

Chhuldim Samden, a 21-year-old student, said she was fed up of waiting for help as she and her family struggle to survive in a shack.

“Even after one year, so many people are staying in tents, we are still living in a shack,” Samden told AFP as she took part in the protest. “Where did all the donations go?”

Although international donors pledged $4.1 billion to aid Nepal’s recovery, political wrangling over control of the funds and delays in setting up the National Reconstruction Authority mean most victims have received nothing beyond an initial small payout.

Following a storm of criticism, the government has vowed to kickstart the reconstruction of schools and hospitals and speed up the distribution of the first $500 instalment of a $2,000 payout promised to homeless survivors.

Trekking guide Govinda Timilsina told AFP his life has been on hold since losing his house. He has been unable to rebuild his home himself because of the government’s complex rules over qualifying for quake aid.

“The government rules were so confusing, we were scared we would not get compensation if we started work on our own,” said Timilsina.

‘Remember us survivors’ –

Apart from the damage to hundreds of thousands of homes nationwide, the disaster reduced more than a hundred monuments to rubble and damaged another 560 structures, including centuries-old temples and royal palaces in the Kathmandu valley that attracted visitors from around the world.

In the historic town of Bhaktapur, many of the traditional brick houses that made it famous have been replaced by grey tents and rusty tin shacks where women like Laxmi Nyapit are now forced to raise their children.

“Unless we get help, I don’t know how we will ever live in a house again,” the mother-of-three told AFP while sitting in her tent, which houses a bed and a stove.

Nyapit, who has received just $150 from the government, said memorial ceremonies meant little.

“They have to remember those who died, but first they have to remember us survivors and come here to help us,” said the 40-year-old, who earns 35 rupees (32 US cents) a day from knitting gloves.

“If our government cared, we would not be living like this after a year.”

The disaster struck on April 25 but commemorations were being held on Sunday — the quake anniversary according to the Nepali calendar.

More than 1,200 health centres were also damaged and nearly 8,000 schools were destroyed or left unsafe, leaving almost one million children without classrooms.

Tired of waiting, about 110,000 families have moved back into homes that are still at risk of collapse. More than 31,000 victims have also rebuilt their own houses, taking out loans or turning to charities for help.

On top of the financial losses, pegged at $7 billion, the disaster also delivered a severe blow to Nepal’s already weak economy.

Here are some key facts about the quake and the reconstruction effort.

DEATH TOLL: The death toll from the earthquake and its aftershocks stands at 8,959. Another 22,303 people were injured.

HOMES DESTROYED: More than one million houses suffered severe damage. The quake destroyed 776,895 houses completely while 298,998 dwellings need repairs.

LOST HERITAGE: 131 historic monuments were reduced to rubble while another 560 structures require repairs. Work on a few sites in the Kathmandu valley has begun, but officials say it will be years before Nepal’s rich architectural heritage is restored.

HEALTHCARE: 1,227 health centres were damaged during the quake, severing a lifeline for remote, rural communities. Forty centres have been rebuilt so far, with work in progress on another 100 sites.

SCHOOLS: The disaster destroyed or damaged nearly 8,000 schools, leaving almost one million children without classrooms. A handful of buildings have been repaired but most students still have lessons in bamboo and tin shelters.

ECONOMY: The earthquake caused losses of $7 billion. Nepal’s economy is now expected to grow by just 1.5 percent over the financial year ending in July 2016 — the lowest level since 2007 — according to the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

FOREIGN AID: International donors, including India, China, the World Bank and the ADB, promised $4.1 billion to aid Nepal’s recovery. But the National Reconstruction Authority, the body in charge of spending the funds, was only set up in December. It has since signed agreements to disburse $1.85 billion.

FUNDS RELEASED: Although the government has promised around $2,000 to each household for rebuilding homes, only 641 families have received the first instalment of $500. Most victims have received payouts worth less than $250.

WHERE ARE VICTIMS LIVING NOW: The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies estimates four million people are still living in temporary shelters. The government says 113,384 families have moved back into homes that are at risk of collapse during aftershocks, while more than 31,000 victims have rebuilt their houses on their own, tired of waiting for help from the authorities.

Panipokhari

Kathmandu, Nepal

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